The following bilingual Russian MiniLesson is meant to build your vocabulary by providing Russian phrases within English text. Hover over the bold Russian to reveal its English translation.
were very powerful in the Soviet Union. They conducted activities both in Russia and abroad. Previously, the (Комитет государственной безопасности) had several , and was in charge of . Later this department was reorganized as .
Spying generally worked something like this: anor would recruit some to collect necessary information. The agent would often of some organization such as a diplomatic mission or company. If he by the enemy’s , this meant that the agent . Sometimes the agent then switched sides and to his former bosses and spy for the former enemy. Sometimes he or she would become a and work for both sides. This could be lucrative position, but with the risk that either side might discover the arrangement and punish the agent for being a .
There werein the KGB. However, the special services are reluctant to uncover the names of these ladies even nowadays. For example, there are no photos of female agents in the special services museum located in Lubyanka, the former KGB building. Female agent were often referred to as and their operations were often called . The agent became a mistress of a prominent person (either Soviet or a foreign man) and extracted secrets from him. Similar tactics were used by male agents who would seduce and even marry female secretaries working in government offices in order to obtain sensitive information.
Spies are perhaps most famous for theirabroad. It is officially recognized that Soviet security services arranged the murder of Leo Trotsky, and Russian Special Services claim that the last liquidating operation abroad was conducted on October 15, 1959, when the leader of radical Ukrainian nationalists Stepan Bandera was killed by an agent in Munich. However, there is now much debate in the West over the recent death of Alexander Litvinenko and whether he too may have been “liquidated.”
Find more information (in Russian) at: http://svr.gov.ru/history/history.htm