The following bilingual Russian MiniLesson is meant to build your vocabulary by providing Russian phrases within English text. Hover over the bold Russian to reveal its English translation.
is currently the location of the and . From 1954 until recently, it was the , which was . Sevastopol was . This special status was given it because of its importance as a naval base.
Crimea’s population of two million is: make up about 60 percent, – 25 percent, – 12 percent, and – 1.5 percent. There are also , , and people of other nationalities.
are one of the most ancient peoples of Crimea. They had their own Crimean state, the , which existed from 1441 to 1783. with Russia and Poland. It was weakened by these wars and sought an alliance with the Ottoman Empire, which eventually absorbed it. The Ottomans were ethnically related to the Crimean Tatars. In 1783, Russia defeated the Ottoman Empire and .
Crimea was part of Russia until 1954, when then Soviet leader Khrushchev, who at one point worked as head of the Communist party in Ukraine, orderedfrom the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic into the Ukrainian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic due to the Crimea has always with which it has a narrow land connection. Thus, for accounting purposes, joining it with Ukraine made sense.
Crimea is of strategic military importance asOne of the main reasons for Russia’s takeover of Crimea, then, is so that Russia will gain full, unrestrained control over the base of the Black Sea Navy in Sevastopol and also will obtain all the military ports and military bases in Crimea. Before, Russia had to rely on treaties with Ukraine .
In addition,, and the entrance and exit to it through the Kerch Strait – considered strategic to preventing any invasion of southern Russia. Also, Russia will gain the possibility to .
The city of Sevastopol is theof the . Additionally, the uses the port city of Feodosia, two , and some other , which have now become the property of Russia.
In total, thehas 41 and two . The of sailors in the is about 14,000 people.
At the end of February 2014, events in the current Crime Crisis started unfolding. On February 24, deputies of Crimea’s Supreme Councilin the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and requested that Prime Minister Anatoly Mogilev resign.
On February 23, Sevastopol had a, where Russian citizen and businessman Alexei Chaly was elected as mayor.
On February 25, a delegation of deputies from Russia’s State DumaThe delegates stated that , then
On February 26, Ukrainian and Russian media wrote about the. Crimea’s authorities called these military men . Armed men in military uniform entered the two airports in Crimea – in Simferopol and Sevastopol so that militants would not be able to arrive. but managed to do so without violence.
and/or In this process, only one took place, with two people killed. The Russian media called this incident . , about 50%, according to statistics released by Kyiv, and .
On February 27, the building of the Supreme Council of Crimea, and . Then, inside, the deputies voted to appoint Sergey Aksenov as Prime Minister of the new government and decided that a referendum on the status of Crimea would be conducted.
On March 6, Crimean authorities. The referendum was set for March 16.
A day later, on March 7, deputies of Sevastopol’s city council passed a resolution that Sevastopol would join Russia.
On March 11, Crimea’s authorities, declaring it under their authority. On the same day, Crimean authorities stated that , and the following day, . The Supreme Council of Crimea did not recognize this decision.
On March 15, Russia used its
On March 16, the referendum on the status of Crimea took place, where the officialwith .
On March 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin gave an unscheduled Statement to the Federal Assembly, where he. On March 19, . On March 20, the on Crimea becoming a part of Russia, the final step in annexing a territory by Russian law.
For more on Crimea, its history of separatism and its strategic importance, see this article also on the SRAS website.