Central and Eastern Europe





Warsaw

Warsaw: Palimpsest of the Polish Nation Palimpsest: (n) a manuscript or piece of writing material on which later writing has been superimposed on effaced earlier…


Krakow

Krakow: Poland’s Cultural Capital Krakow was the Polish capital from 1038 to 1596 or approximately from the Kingdom of Poland’s historical founding through its golden…



Crimea

Crimea: Prosperity in Unity or Separatism? “Prosperity in Unity” is the official motto of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a parliamentary republic that exists within…


Ukraine

Ukraine: Between Russia and Europe Ukraine is no longer “The Ukraine.” For centuries, the definite article was considered appropriate, given the land’s history and the…


Transdnestria

Transdnestria: A European Nowhere Transdnestria, or The Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (which is the full name its government uses) lies mostly within in a single narrow…